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:: Volume 14, Issue 4 (10-2016) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2016, 14(4): 361-366 Back to browse issues page
Measurement of radium-226 concentration and dose calculation of drinking water samples in Guilan province of Iran
A. Abbasi Dr. , V. Bashiry
Nuclear Science and Technology Institute, (NSTI), Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2617 Views)

Background: Radium-226 (226Ra) is a product of the 238U radionuclide decay series that significantly incorporated into the human body through water intake. It can also potentially cause a series of health problems including cancers of the digestive system. Radium-226 (226Ra) is a product of the 238U radionuclide decay series that significantly incorporated into the human body through water intake. It can also potentially cause a series of health problems including cancers of the digestive system. Materials and Methods: 226Ra has been determined in drinking water samples collected from various locations of Guilan province of Iran. The water samples are taken from public water and urban tap water sources. For evolution of gross a and b exposure precipitation method and proportional scintillator system was used. The radon emanation method was used to measure the radium concentration in drinking water. Results: The measurements showed the gross α and β concentration ranges were between <38 mBql-1 to 92 mBql-1 and <41 mBql-1 to 328 mBql-1, respectively. The radium concentration range was between 2 mBq l-1 to 38.2 mBq l-1. The resulting contribution to the annual effective dose due to the digestion of 226R in water was calculated to be between <0.4 μSv y-1 to 7.8 μSv y-1, respectively. Conclusion: The average concentration of 226Ra was found (7.6 mBq l-1) in drinking water samples and the average annual effective dose, from the digestion of 226Ra in water samples was calculated to be 1.5 µSv y-1. According to UNSCEAR, the annual effective dose value by ingestion is report to be 0.12 mSv y-1.

Keywords: Keywords: Radium-226, ingestion, drinking water, precipitation method.
Full-Text [PDF 727 kb]   (600 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Reviews and Perspectives | Subject: Radiation Biology
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Abbasi A, Bashiry V. Measurement of radium-226 concentration and dose calculation of drinking water samples in Guilan province of Iran . Int J Radiat Res. 2016; 14 (4) :361-366
URL: http://ijrr.com/article-1-1822-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 4 (10-2016) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Radiation Research
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