:: Volume 18, Issue 2 (4-2020) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2020, 18(2): 255-262 Back to browse issues page
Thermal enhancement effect on chemo-radiation of glioblastoma multiform
S.R. Mahdavi, L. Khalafi Dr. , A.R. Nikoofar, P. Fadavi, F. Arbabi Kalateh, T. Aryafar, H. Foudazi, B. Mofid, G. Sharifi, S. Shivaliloo, H. Abdollahi
Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine (International Campus), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , khalafi57@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (460 Views)
Background: Hyperthermia plays a significant role in the chemo-radiotherapy effect in different malignancies. In this research, we treated Glioblastoma multiform (GBM) patients with hyperthermia (HT) along with the chemoradiation, in order to evaluate HT efficacy in terms of tumor volume changes, survival time, and probability. Materials and Methods: Thirty-eight GBM patients were distributed into two groups identified as chemoradiation (CRT), and also CRT plus HT (CRHT). The Karnofsky Performance Status Scale (KPS) was done before, immediately and three months after treatments. Capacitive hyperthermia device was used at frequency of 13.56 MHz (Celsius 42+ GmbH, Germany) for HT one hour before the radiotherapy for 10-12 sessions. Patients in both groups underwent MR imaging (1.5 Tesla) before, 3 and 6 months after the treatments. Thermal enhancement factors (TEF) were attained in terms of clinical target volume changes, TEF(CTV), and survival probability (SP) or TEF(SP). Results: Age ranges were from 27-73 years (Mean=50) and 27-65 years (Mean=50) for CRT and CRHT groups, respectively. For 53% and 47% of cases biopsy and partial resection were accomplished in both groups, respectively. Means and standard deviations of tumor volumes were 135.42±92.5 and 58.4±104.1cm3 before treatment in CRT and CRHT groups, respectively, with no significant  difference (P= 0.2). TEF(CTV) value was attained to be as 1.54 and 1.70 for three and six months after treatments, respectively, TEF(SP) was also equal to the 1.90. Conclusion: HT enhanced the chemoradiation effects throughout the patient survival probability and KPS. TEF may reflect the hyperthermia efficacy for a given radiation dose.
Keywords: Hyperthermia, GBM, chemoradiotherapy, thermal enhancement factor.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Medical Physics

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Volume 18, Issue 2 (4-2020) Back to browse issues page