:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2009) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2009, 6(4): 183-188 Back to browse issues page
Shielding evaluation of a typical radiography department: a comparison between NCRP reports No.49 and 147
I. Pesianian, A. Mesbahi , A. Shafaee
, asgharmesbahi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (18097 Views)
Background: Designing and shielding of an appropriate radiography room has been one of the major concerns of radiation scientists since the first decade after the invention of X-rays. Recently, report No.147 of National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) has been published. In this study the researchers have investigated the effect of new report recommendation on primary and secondary barriers thicknesses in comparison to NCRP 49, and 116 recommendations. Materials and Methods: To calculate the walls thickness of a conventional radiography room, the workload of a radiography room of a university hospital was determined by recording the number of exposures, mAs and kVp for each patient during six months. Three types of calculations were done: (1) Using NCRP 49 formulations and dose limits (2) Using the NCRP 49 formulations and NCRP116 dose limits and (3) Using the NCRP 147 recommendations. Results: The estimated workload was 172 mA min wk-1 for the studied radiography room which was slightly lower than the workload recommended by NCRP147. The results showed that using the NCRP49 formulation and NCRP116 dose limits, the barriers thickness increases substantially. Moreover, the dose limits were lower in NCRP 147, using the third method. The primary barrier thickness is decreased considerably in comparison to two other methods. For the secondary barrier the results of the two methods (1) and (3) did not differ and remained the same. Conclusion: Application of NCRP 49 and NCRP116 dose limits for radiography room shielding (second method) overestimated the primary and secondary barriers thickness, significantly. But, applying NCRP 147, not only the new dose limits were considered, but also the cost of primary barrier construction was reduced. Iran. J. Radiat. Res., 2009 6 (4): 183-188
Keywords: Radiography shielding, NCRP147, NCRP116, NCRP49.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology

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Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2009) Back to browse issues page