:: Volume 17, Issue 2 (4-2019) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2019, 17(2): 245-252 Back to browse issues page
Natural radioactivity in ceramic tiles and associated radiological hazards
S. Dizman, R. Keser
Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Department of Physics, Rize, Turkey , serdar.dizman@erdogan.edu.tr
Abstract:   (2410 Views)
Background: The natural radioactivity levels in ceramic tiles produced in Turkey were determined and the related radiological hazards were assessed. Materials and Methods: The natural radioactivity levels (226Ra, 232Th and 40K) in the ceramic tiles were measured using high-purity germanium detector system (HPGe) and the related radiological hazards were assessed by radium equivalent activity (Raeq), external hazard index (Hex), representative level index (Iγ), absorbed dose rate (D) and annual effective dose (AED). Results: The average activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K radionuclides in the ceramic tiles were found to be 36.59 ± 2.64, 51.23 ± 2.81 and 420.81 ± 12.87 Bq/kg, respectively. These values are less than the world average values except the activity values of 232Th. Again, the averages of radiological hazard parameters (Raeq, Hex, D and AED) found for all ceramic tiles were found lower than the world averages. Conclusion: The present results was compared with the literature and the international reference values. This study shows that the investigated ceramic tiles can be used safely in constructions and do not create significant radiological hazard when used in constructions.
Keywords: Ceramic tile, natural radioactivity, radiological hazard, Turkey.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology


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Volume 17, Issue 2 (4-2019) Back to browse issues page