:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (4-2022) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2022, 20(2): 403-409 Back to browse issues page
Natural radioactivity levels and evaluation of radiological hazards in Usakos marble, Erongo region, Namibia
S.A. Onjefu, N.N. Johannes, J. Abah, L.A. Onjefu, S. Mwiya
Department of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Windhoek, Namibia , sonjefu@nust.na
Abstract:   (335 Views)
Background: Most parts of the Erongo region of Namibia have shown high background radiation. The aim and objective of this study is to determine the natural radioactivity levels and evaluate the radiological hazards in Usakos marble dome in the Erongo region. Materials and Methods: A high purity germanium (HPGe) detector was used in this study to measure the activity concentrations 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K in marble samples from 20 different points in Usakos marble dome in the Erongo region, Namibia. Result: The mean activity concentrations were found in the range of 0.37 to 339.60 Bq kg-1 for 226Ra, 0.20 to 210.30 Bq kg-1 for 232Th, and 2.96 to 928.70 Bq kg-1 for 40K, respectively. The activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K were used to estimate values of radium equivalent activity (Raeq), Absorbed dose rate (Dr), internal and external hazard indices (Hex & Hin) and the activity utilization index (Iγ). The calculated mean values were Raeq (226.75 Bq kg-1), (Dr) (102.99 nGyh-1), Hex(0.61), Hin (0.95) and Iγ (1.59). Conclusion: From a radiological point, the results of (Dr) and (Iγ) were found above the world recommended average and the performed correlation analysis showed strong positive correlation amongst 232Th and 226Ra, which confirms these radionuclides as the main contributors to gamma radiation in the Usakos marble dome. The high activity concentrations at some sampling points higher than the world average value pose possible radiological hazards for the marble samples usage for building materials.
Keywords: Natural radioactivity, radiological hazards, marble, Usakos, Erongo.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology

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Volume 20, Issue 2 (4-2022) Back to browse issues page