:: Volume 21, Issue 2 (4-2023) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2023, 21(2): 227-232 Back to browse issues page
Long-term study of vocal dysfunction and quality of life in patients with non-laryngeal head and neck cancers post chemo-radiation therapy: Results of prospective analysis
P. Fadavi, S. Bagherzadeh, F. Torabinezhad, F. Goli-Ahmadabad, M. Beiki, S. Bijari, S. Sayfollahi, Z. Momeni
Medical Physics Department, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran , sakineh.bagherzadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (501 Views)
Background: Vocal problems caused by Chemo-radiation therapy (CRT) can affect a patient’s quality of life (QOL) for a long time. This study aims to follow up and evaluate the voice of Persian-speaking patients with non-laryngeal head and neck cancer up to eighteen months after treatment. Material and Methods: This prospective study was conducted to assess the voice of disease-free patients with various head and neck malignancies treated with CRT. The voice assessment was conducted at four points: before, at the end of treatment, and six and eighteen months after treatment. At the time of the last assessment, there were only 30 patients with an average age of 48.86±14.89 and in the range of (18-75) years. For a comprehensive assessment, acoustic, expert-rater, and subjective evaluation of voice was conducted. The Pearson correlation coefficient for all acoustic parameters, subgroups of the Persian VHI-30 questionnaire, and perceptual measurements were computed. The effect of essential factors on patient QOL associated with the voice in different groups was examined. Results: All acoustic parameters, other than fundamental and habitual frequencies, subjective and perceptual data values increased significantly (P < 0.001) during the treatment and decreased at the last assessment. None of the values have returned to pre-treatment levels. There was a significant relationship between some acoustic parameters, Persian VHI-30 questionnaire values, and G on the GRBAS scale. Chemotherapy and smoking were influential factors in patients' QOL. Conclusions: Vocal problems and reduced voice related QOL in patients treated with CRT may persist for years after treatment.
Keywords: Quality of life, radiation therapy, non-laryngeal cancers, voice evaluation.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology

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Volume 21, Issue 2 (4-2023) Back to browse issues page