International Journal of Radiation Research نشریه پرتو پژوه Int J Radiat Res Basic Sciences http://ijrr.com 79 journal79 2322-3243 2345-4229 10.52547/ijrr en jalali 1390 12 1 gregorian 2012 3 1 9 4 online 1 fulltext
en Determination of the attenuation coefficient for megavoltage photons in the water phantom Radiation Biology Radiation Biology تحقيق بديع Original Research <span style="font-weight: bold">Background: </span>Attenuation coefficient (μ) plays an important role in calculations of treatment planning systems, as well as determination of dose distributions in external beam therapy, dosimetry, protection, phantom materials and industry. So, its exact measurement or calculation is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the μ in different points in the water phantom analytically as a formula, in addition to derive and parameterize it with dosimetry measurements data results. <span style="font-weight: bold">Materials and Methods:</span> To find the attenuation coefficients at each point along the central axis of the beam in the phantom for every size of the fields, the first mathematical approach was performed for derivation of μs from percentage depth dose (PDD) formula. Then by dosimetry for different fields in different depths of water phantom, one can parameterize the obtained formula for μ in any field and depth. <span style="font-weight: bold">Results:</span> By comparing the mathematical and dosimetry results, the parameters of the μ-expression were derived in terms of the dimension of square field in different depths. From this formula one can find the μ for any field in different depths for two energies of the Varian 2100CD linear accelerator, 6, 18MV with the statistical coefficient of determination of R<sup>2</sup>>0.98. <span style="font-weight: bold">Conclusion:</span> The measurement of the μ in each field size and depth has some technical problems, but one can easily measure the μ for every point of central axis of the beams in any field size. <span style="font-weight: bold">Iran. J. Radiat. Res., 2012 9(4): 251-255 </span> Radiation therapy, attenuation coefficient, dosimetry, megavoltage photons, varian2100CD 251 255 http://ijrr.com/browse.php?a_code=A-10-1-410&slc_lang=en&sid=1 M.J. Tahmasebi Birgani tahmasebi_mj@yahoo.com `790031947532846002465` 790031947532846002465 Yes M.A. Behrooz `790031947532846002466` 790031947532846002466 No H. Shahbazian `790031947532846002467` 790031947532846002467 No A. Shams `790031947532846002468` 790031947532846002468 No