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:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (4-2022) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2022, 20(2): 277-282 Back to browse issues page
Pre-application of pulsed magnetic field protects oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells
F. Cicek, C. Coskun, I. Baldan, M. Tokuş, I. Gunay
Department Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey , fcicek@cu.edu.tr
Abstract:   (593 Views)
Background: Pulsed magnetic field (PMF) application is an alternative therapy method used especially in the treatment of musculoskeletal system diseases. However, its effects on the vascular system are unclear. On the other hand, an imbalance in the synthesis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause crucial vascular diseases such as hypertension or atherosclerosis. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate the modulatory effect of PMF pre-exposure and the protective role of the application on ROS-related vascular dysfunctions. Materials and Methods: Rats were exposed to 1.5 mT, 40 Hz PMF for 30 days. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were isolated enzymatically at the end of the application. Cell proliferation in the presence or absence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, oxidative stress and apoptosis inducer) was determined by MTT assay. Caspase-3 activity and protein expressions were also determined. Results: Incubation of VSMCs with H2O2 decreased the cell proliferation dose-dependently. However, the cells isolated from PMF pre-treated rats had higher proliferation levels at high dose H2O2 (1 mM) than their controls. Moreover, PMF pre-applied cells had less caspase-3 expression at high dose H2O2 incubation. A similar effect of PMF was also observed in caspase-3 enzyme activity. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that PMF pre-exposed cells showed resistance to H2O2-induced oxidative stress. Notably, the decreased activity and expression of caspase-3 in PMF pre-treated groups indicated that PMF has regulatory effects on apoptosis formation mechanisms. The present study demonstrated that PMF pre-application should be considered as protective in the development of vascular diseases.
Keywords: Pulsed magnetic field, oxidative stress, VSMC, apoptosis.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology
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Cicek F, Coskun C, Baldan I, Tokuş M, Gunay I. Pre-application of pulsed magnetic field protects oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells. Int J Radiat Res 2022; 20 (2) :277-282
URL: http://ijrr.com/article-1-4250-en.html

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Volume 20, Issue 2 (4-2022) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Radiation Research
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