[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 2, Issue 3 (12-2004) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2004, 2(3): 141-147 Back to browse issues page
Monitoring of iodine-125 and iodine-131 in thyroid of individuals in nuclear medicine centers of North West provinces of Iran
G.H. Heravi, H. Garshasbi, J. Karimi Diba, S.K. Asghari
Abstract:   (16356 Views)

Background: Due to volatility of radioactive iodine solutions, usually internal exposure would occur in personnel that are working in nuclear medicine centers. The activities in the thyroid of individual s who work in nuclear medicine centers of North West provinces of Iran were measured using NaI (Sodium Iodide) detectors. In every center, nearly 40 - 500 mCi of 131 I and 50 - 600 μ Ci of 125 I are used for diagnosis or treating patients, as well as monthly protein labeling.

Materials and Methods: A portable measurement instrument was made for this purpose. A collimator with thickness of 10 mm lead thickness of copper alloy with 2 mm was made to
focus the detector on thyroid gland and to reduce the background. Two NaI (Tl) detectors one with lower thickness for 125 I and one with higher thickness for 131I were used for measurement. The goal of these measurements was to determine the activity of radioiodines in the thyroid gland of individuals in medical centers, and to give some advice such as more care at their working place and increasing the power of their venting system for reducing radioiodines exposure. The detectors had been calibrated for 125I and 131I by a locally made ANSI/IAEA Plexiglass neck phantom (ANSI N44.3 1973).

Results: There were not any contamination and thyroid activities of 125I in the thyroid glands of personnel. The activity of 131 I in the thyroid gland of individuals in all centers was lower than 0.4 kBq, and the activity of 131I in one center was as high as 3.4 kBq. The background of every place was determined and subtracted from each measurement.

Conclusion: The results indicate that more measurements should have been carried out in all nuclear medicine centers to determine the activity of individuals' thyroid gland in Iran . In addition, the workers of those centers should try to reduce the intake and exposure to 131I and 125I using more care at their working place and more efficient ventilator. Iran . J. Radiat. Res., 2004 2 (3): 141-147

Keywords: NaI (Tl) detectors, neck phantom, nuclear medicine centers, Radioiodine, thyroid
Full-Text [PDF 214 kb]   (2877 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

G.H. Heravi, H. Garshasbi, J. Karimi Diba, S.K. Asghari. Monitoring of iodine-125 and iodine-131 in thyroid of individuals in nuclear medicine centers of North West provinces of Iran. Int J Radiat Res. 2004; 2 (3) :141-147
URL: http://ijrr.com/article-1-69-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 2, Issue 3 (12-2004) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Radiation Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4419