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:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (3-2007) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2007, 4(4): 195-200 Back to browse issues page
Radiation exposure of the Yazd population from medical conventional X-ray examinations
F. Bouzarjomehri , M.H. Dashti, M.H. Zare
, Bouzarj_44@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (13949 Views)
Background: Radiation dose knowledge through Xray examinations and their distribution in Iran provides useful guidance on patient dose reduction. The results of the entrance skin dose (ESDs) of five common radiographies in all radiology centers in Yazd province were reported in our previous study (2003). In the present study we have evaluated the collective effective dose of conventional X-ray examinations, as well as the annual per caput of Yazd population. Materials and Methods: The annual frequencies of 18 different types of conventional radiology examinations during April 2005 to March 2006 were recorded from all 35 radiology centers in Yazd province. The exposure conditions consisted of kVp, mAs, and Focus surface distance (FSD) of the examinations for the mode of exposure in each X-ray unit. 620 ESD were measured by diode dosimeter in 35 hospitals and clinics. The real exposure kVp for each radiology unit was measured by a Molt-O-Meter. The conversion coefficient (effective dose - ESD ratio) for each radiology examination was determined by using SR262 tables. Finally, the patients' effective dose was calculated by multiplying the conversion factor to the ESD. Results: The patients' annual collective effective dose due to the conventional radiology examinations was 31.159 man-Sv (0.03 mSv per inhabitant). The frequency of examinations was 311813 i.e. 0.36 examinations per head of the population for one year. Conclusion: According to our findings, the effective per caput dose seems to be optimally relative to HCL-II countries, which may be due to low mean effective dose that could obscure high examination frequency. The number of radiology conventional examinations and frequency of radiologist per1000 population of Yazd was more and lower than HCL-II countries respectively. Thus the justification of radiography requests in this province must be revised.
Iran. J. Radiat. Res., 2007 4 (4): 195-200
Keywords: ESD, effective dose, collective dose, medical conventional X-ray examination.
Full-Text [PDF 237 kb]   (2043 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology
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Bouzarjomehri F, Dashti M, Zare M. Radiation exposure of the Yazd population from medical conventional X-ray examinations. Int J Radiat Res. 2007; 4 (4) :195-200
URL: http://ijrr.com/article-1-268-en.html

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Volume 4, Issue 4 (3-2007) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Radiation Research
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