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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2007) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2007, 5(3): 143-146 Back to browse issues page
Production of an economic high-density concrete for shielding megavoltage radiotherapy rooms and nuclear reactors
S.M.J. Mortazavi , M.A. Mosleh-Shirazi, M.R. Maheri, H. Yousefnia, S. Zolghadri, A. Haji-pour
, mmortazavi@sums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (16877 Views)
Background: In megavoltage radiotherapy rooms, ordinary concrete is usually used due to its low construction costs, although higher density concrete are sometimes used, as well. The use of high-density concrete decreases the required thickness of the concrete barrier hence, its disadvantage is its high cost. In a nuclear reactor, neutron radiation is the most difficult to shield. A method for production of economic high-density concrete with appropriate engineering properties would be very useful. Materials and Methods: Galena (PbS) mineral was used to produce of a high-density concrete. Galena can be found in many parts of Iran. Two types of concrete mixes were produced. The water-to-concrete (w/c) ratios of the reference and galena concrete mixes were 0.53 and 0.25, respectively. To measure the gamma radiation attenuation of Galena concrete samples, they were exposed to a narrow beam of gamma rays emitted from a cobalt-60 therapy unit. Results: The Galena mineral used in this study had a density of 7400 kg/m3. The concrete samples had a density of 4800 kg/m3. The measured half value layer thickness of the Galena concrete samples for cobalt- 60 gamma rays was much less than that of ordinary concrete (2.6 cm compared to 6.0 cm). Furthermore, the galena concrete samples had significantly higher compressive strength (500 kg/cm2 compared to 300 kg/cm2). Conclusion: The Galena concrete samples made in our laboratories had showed good shielding/engineering properties in comparison with all samples made by using high-density materials other than depleted uranium. Based on the preliminary results, Galena concrete is maybe a suitable option where high-density concrete is required in megavoltage radiotherapy rooms as well as nuclear reactors.
Keywords: High-density concrete, galena, shielding, megavoltage radiotherapy.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiation Biology
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Mortazavi S, Mosleh-Shirazi M, Maheri M, Yousefnia H, Zolghadri S, Haji-pour A. Production of an economic high-density concrete for shielding megavoltage radiotherapy rooms and nuclear reactors. Int J Radiat Res. 2007; 5 (3) :143-146
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Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2007) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Radiation Research
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