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:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2009) ::
Int J Radiat Res 2009, 7(1): 49-56 Back to browse issues page
Verifying the accuracy of dose distribution in Gamma Knife unit in presence of inhomogeneities using PAGAT polymer gel dosimeter and MC simulation
T. Allahverdi Pourfallah , M. Allahverdi, N. Riyahi Alam, M.R. Ay, M.H. Zahmatkesh
, tallahvardi@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (20823 Views)
Background: Polymer gel dosimetry is still the only dosimetry method for direct measuring of threedimensional dose distributions. MRI Polymer gel dosimeters are tissue equivalent and can act as a phantom material. In this study the obtained isodose maps with PAGAT polymer gel dosimeter were compared to those calculated with EGSnrs for singleshot irradiations of 8 and 18 mm collimators of Gamma Knife (GK) unit in homogeneous and inhomogeneous phantoms. Materials and Methods: A custom-built, 16 cm diameter spherical Plexiglas head phantom was. Inside the phantom, there was one cubic cutout for insertion of gel phantoms, and another cutout for inserting the inhomogeneities. The phantoms were scanned with a Siemens clinical 1.5 T MRI scanner. The multiple spin-echo sequence with 32 echoes was used for the MRI scans. Results: The results of measurement and simulation in homogeneous and inhomogeneous phantoms showed that the presence of inhomogeneities in head phantom could cause spatial uncertainty higher than ±2 mm and dose uncertainty higher than 7%. Conclusion: the presence of inhomogeneities could cause dose differences which were not in accordance with accuracy in treatment with GK radiosurgery. Moreover, the findings of Monte Carlo calculation revealed that the applied simulation code (EGSnrc) was a proper tool for evaluation of 3D dose distribution in GK unit. Iran. J. Radiat. Res., 2009 7 (1): 49-56
Keywords: Gamma knife, PAGAT gel dosimeter, EGSnrc, dose distribution.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Medical Physics
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Allahverdi Pourfallah T, Allahverdi M, Riyahi Alam N, Ay M, Zahmatkesh M. Verifying the accuracy of dose distribution in Gamma Knife unit in presence of inhomogeneities using PAGAT polymer gel dosimeter and MC simulation. Int J Radiat Res. 2009; 7 (1) :49-56
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Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2009) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Radiation Research
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